An irregular verb is a verb that cannot be changed to the past tense by adding an -ed or -d to the end of the word. Knowing which verb is regular or irregular can sometimes be challenging for a P3 or P2 student.

Schools usually provide lists of irregular verbs to memorise and this is probably the fastest and most effective way to learn them. When students know the past tense and the participle of their irregular verbs by heart, teachers or parents can come up with some fun games to test students on their knowledge of irregular verbs.

So why is it important to learn the past tense and participle of irregular verbs well in lower primary?

Irregular verbs are often set for many sections of Paper 2

Irregular verbs are tested in the Grammar MCQ sections from P2 – P4. When students reach the P5 year, they will realise that transforming irregular verbs is tested in many other components of Paper 2 aside from Grammar MCQ. They can be found in Reported Speech, Active and Passive and Conditionals, etc in the Synthesis & Transformation section. Transforming irregular verbs is also tested in the Editing section where students need to correct the Grammatical mistake in the passage. Irregular verbs may also appear in the Cloze section where students need to fill in the blank with their own words.

Building a strong grammatical foundation in lower primary is important for upper primary

The lower primary years are there to ensure that students are prepared for their PSLE year. While the objective for lower primary learning has been revised to allow for more play and fun learning (which are also essential) what is being tested in the PSLE papers remain the same or have become even more difficult. Thus, making sure that the students are building a strong foundation for the English Language in the lower primary years is essential.

In the P5 year, students are introduced to Conditionals, Passive, Phrasal Verbs, and Reported Speech. These grammatical structures are far more complicated and tricky. Those students who already have a strong grammatical foundation may not automatically score full marks on the first try but will definitely perfect these structures faster than those students who are struggling to relearn the grammatical rules taught in lower primary.

It is also important to review and revise on a yearly basis, adding on the previous lists so that the student’s knowledge expands. This is why at TF, we review our lists of Irregular verbs yearly in all our levels. Below is our irregular verb list for our P3 students

V1
Base Form
V 2
Past Simple
V3
Past Participle
be (is, are, am)was, werebeen
beatbeatbeaten
becomebecamebecome
beginbeganbegun
bendbentbent
bitebitbitten
blowblewblown
breakbrokebroken
bringbroughtbrought
buildbuiltbuilt
burnburntburnt
catchcaughtcaught
choosechosechosen
digdugdug
dodiddone
dreamdreamtdreamt
drivedrovedriven
drinkdrankdrunk
eatateeaten
fallfellfallen
findfoundfound
flyflewflown
forgetforgotforgotten
forgiveforgaveforgiven
freezefrozefrozen
getgotgotten
givegavegiven

By the time P6 comes around, we expect our students to make very few grammatical mistakes. If there is a need to, then we will add on extra grammatical ‘drilling’ exercises. Lately, I have seen the verb ‘spread’ changed to the past tense ‘spreaded’ in a few P5 and P6 compositions.

This has prompted me to review with my P5 & P6 students, irregular verbs again and to create a separate list of Irregular verbs that remain the same in the past tense. I hope that you have found this post and lists uselful.

V1
Base Form
V 2
Past Simple
V3
Past Participle
betbetbet
burstburstburst
costcostcost
cutcutcut
hithithit
hurthurthurt
letletlet
putputput
quitquitquit
setsetset
shutshutshut
splitsplitsplit
spreadspreadspread

P3 English Tuition 2022 timetable

BranchDayStart TimeEnd Time
Bukit TimahMON3 pm5 pm