The Chinese New Year break is over and the P6 students are revising for their upcoming WA or CA. Many schools are focusing on testing Paper 2 components only.
In today’s post, we will take a look at the Synthesis and Transformation component. With so many rules to learn, this component can be confusing for many students.
So, let’s break down some of those rules using the PSLE 2020 paper!
1) Mi Yao broke the expensive vase. He admitted it.
Min Yao admitted to ________________________________________
A verb in the infinitive form usually follows ‘to’.
Here, the verb is changed to a noun (gerund).
broke – breaking
Min Yao admitted to breaking the expensive vase.
2) He can say anything. I will not go.
No matter ________________________________________
No matter is used to show emphasis in a sentence.
No matter is followed by a pronoun.
No matter + how / where / when / what
No matter what he says, I will not go.
By adding the pronoun ‘what’ after ‘no matter’, we will need to omit the words ‘can’ & ‘anything’.
Tip – Remember that ‘he’ is singular. Thus, the verb ‘say’ must be changed to ‘says’ in the transformed sentence.
3) “I went to the supermarket to look for you,” Uncle John said to Aunt Mary.
Uncle John told Aunt Mary that ____________________________
Change the tense in Reported Speech.
Past – Past Perfect Tense
went – had gone
Change the Personal Pronouns & Possessives
I – he
you – her
Uncle John told Aunt Mary that he had gone to the supermarket to look for her.
4) The bird was unable to fly. It was easily caught.
____________________________________ due to its________________
‘Due to’ is used to show reason.
The adjective in the sentence must be changed to a noun.
unable – inability
The bird was easily caught due to its inability to fly.
Tip – the noun of ‘unable’ is ‘in-ability’ and not ‘dis-ability’.
5) Fadri was relieved to find out that his wallet was not missing.
Much to ____________________________________________________
‘Much to’ is used to show a reaction to something
It is also used to add emphasis.
When using ‘much to’, we need to change the adjective to a noun.
relieved – relief
When using ‘much to’ we need to change the noun to a possessive pronoun
Fadri – Fadri’s
Much to Fadri’s relief, his
Check the other articles from this section
- Vocabulary List Preliminary Papers 2015
- 4 Steps to ace your Active and Passive questions in Synthesis & Transformation
- List of Editing Spelling words PSLE 2017-2020
- Primary 6 English Vocabulary and Editing List 2019
- P6 List of Vocabulary words taken from the Top School CA1 papers 2018
- Synthesis & Transformation – What are Interchanging Word Classes?
- 2017 Preliminary Top School Papers: Vocabulary & Editing
- P6 CA1 Vocabulary and Editing List 2017
- P6 SA1 Editing List 2016 – Part 1
- Primary 6 CA1 Vocabulary List 2016 (Part 2)
- P6 CA1 Vocabulary List 2016 (Part 1)
- PSLE Editing world List CA1 Top School 2016 Papers
- P6 Top School SA1 Vocabulary List 2016
- P6 Top School SA1 Editing List 2015
- PSLE 2021 Editing Component – Three Ways to help your child succeed in this component
- P6 Editing Spelling CA1 2015
- Primary 6 Vocabulary List
- P6 Paper 2 Who vs Whom
- P6 Paper 2 Grammatical Rules
- P6 English Paper 2 components – Contractions in Question Tags and Synthesis & Transformation
- P6 English Paper 2: Phrasal Verbs & Commonly misspelled words
- Primary 6 English Comprehension Cloze Passage
2023 P6 English tuition timetable
|Branch||Day||Start time||End time|
|Bukit Timah - FULL||TUE||3 pm||5 pm|
|Bukit Timah - FULL||TUE||5 pm||7 pm|
|Bukit Timah||THU||5 pm||7 pm|
|Bukit Timah||SAT||9 am||11 am|
|Bukit Timah||SAT||11 am||1 pm|
|Hougang Pelikat||FRI||3 pm||5 pm|
|Hougang Pelikat||FRI||5 pm||7 pm|